The Effect of Green Human Resource Management on Employees’ Eco-friendly Behavior (With an Emphasis on the Role of Social Capital)

Document Type : Research/Original/Regular


Assistant Professor, Department of Business Administration, Faculty of Faculty of Business and Economics, Persian Gulf University, Bushehr, Iran


In the current era, the optimal utilization and management of organizational resources (especially human capital) is essential as the most important organizational asset, and organizations must adopt a strategic approach to aligning human resource management and environmental management practices. On the other hand, if green human resource management is implemented successfully, social capital can be created in the organization and its benefits can be exploited. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of green human resource management and social capital on employees’ ecofriendly behavior. In this regard, the role of social capital as an independent and mediating variable is examined. This study is applied in terms of research purpose and is a survey in terms of method. The statistical population of the study consisted of petrochemical companies active in South Pars. In order to assess the variables of the study, a questionnaire was used. In addition to the Construct and content validation of the questionnaire, Cronbach's alpha reliability coefficient was found to be 0.93. The collected data were analyzed using statistical software packages SPSS and LISREL. The results of data analysis showed that green human resource management had a positive and significant effect on environmental behavior and social capital. Although the results show that social capital has no significant effect on environmental behavior, it does play a positive mediating role between green human resource management and environmental behavior.


Main Subjects

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