The Identification of the Antecedents and Consequences of Social Capital in Sports Through a Meta-Analysis Approach

Document Type : Research/Original/Regular


1 Assistant Professor, Research Group of "Sports Sociology", Sport Sciences Research Institute of Iran

2 PhD student in Sport Management, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran


The purpose of this study was to present a meta-analysis of the studies on the antecedents and consequences of social capital in sports. This study relied on the meta-analysis method to systematically summarize the previous related studies, extract and count their themes, and bring together their findings. The statistical population of the study included articles published in scientific-promotional-research Iranian journals on social capital. The research method was quantitative meta-analysis. From among the valid studies, 34 documents were selected as the sample based on their quality, validity, and meta-analytical criteria. The selected papers were analyzed using MED CLAC software. The research instrument was meta-analysis checklist, while Cohen’s d was used to attain the overall relationship value, Cochran (Q) and heterogeneity statistics were used to determine the homogeneity and the degree of homogeneity, and Egger test was applied to determine the publication bias. According to the obtained findings, 24 antecedents and 20 consequences related to social capital in sports were identified. The diversity of independent and dependent constructs indicates that social capital is a popular and important social capital in sport studies. Therefore, attention to sport policymakers, officials, and managers seems to be necessary for the creation, maintenance, and improvement of this issue as a strategic capability.


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