نقش سرمایه اجتماعی در شکل گیری محافل کاری (تأملی بر ابعاد و مؤلفه های مفهوم محافل کاری)

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، دانشکدة مدیریت و حسابداری، پردیس فارابی دانشگاه تهران، ایران

2 کارشناس‌ارشد، دانشکدة مدیریت و حسابداری، پردیس فارابی دانشگاه تهران، ایران

چکیده

در سال­های اخیر همزمان با پیشرفت پژوهش­ها در حوزة مدیریت دانش و تأکید بر یکپارچه­سازی فرایندهای خلق و تسهیم دانش، الگوهای کاری شرکت­های بزرگ جهانی تغییر یافته و ساختارهای نوینی در آن­ها ظهور کرده است. از جملۀ این ساختارها، محافل کاری است که به‌طور بنیادی با اشکال قبلی (گروه­های کاری و تیم­های کاری) متفاوت است. بر خلاف ساختارهای رسمی، محافل کاری نوعی ساختار غیررسمی است که به‌طور داوطلبانه توسط گروهی از افراد با دغدغه­ها و علائق مشترک و مشابه شکل گرفته است و به‌طور خاص متمرکز بر فعالیت­های خلق و تسهیم دانش است. یکی از مهم‌ترین مؤلفه­ها در شکل­گیری محافل کاری سرمایة اجتماعی است که بدون وجود اعتماد میان اعضا و بدون ایجاد هویت مشترک محافل کاری پایدار نخواهند بود. مقالة حاضر دو هدف اصلی دارد. هدف اول، معرفی مفهوم، ابعاد و مؤلفه­های محافل کاری است؛ و هدف دوم، شناخت ارتباط متقابل محافل کاری با سرمایة اجتماعی و نقش مهم سرمایة اجتماعی در شکل­گیری این ساختارهای غیررسمی است.

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